If the support that surrounds the tooth is in the soft tissues, we call it gingivitis. But if it has a slightly more receded form and has arrived on hard tissues, we call it periodontitis.
Gingival recession is the receding of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth, exposing the tooth or tooth root. With the recession of the gums, the root surfaces remain exposed, and the teeth look almost elongated. The cause of gum recession may be inflammation, improper teeth brushing, similar bad habits or developmental-anatomical irregularities as well. After the examination, the amount of gingival recession is evaluated together with the underlying causes, and operations are planned to stop the progression of the recession and close the exposed root surface.
Gingival Recession Caused by the Accumulation of Microbial Dental Plaque: It causes bone destruction (osteolysis), and due to bone destruction, the gum recedes itself to the bone level. Gingival recession, which occurs because of periodontitis caused by bone destruction, is a condition that can be partially treated. Depending on the severity of the level of bone destruction, it is not possible to fully treat some of periodontitis, but bone destruction can be stopped at a certain level and bone destruction can be controlled. In cases where it cannot be treated at all, it is essential to maintain the lost level of the gum.
Mucogingival Recession: It is the gingival recession that occurs without bone destruction caused by trauma or other local factors. This is only at the mucogingival level. No destruction of the underlying bone is observed. Mucogingival recession, on the other hand, can be partially or completely treated.
Treatment can be conducted in two different ways depending on the patient's condition. If the gingival recession is mild, the plaque and tartar formed on the tooth and root surfaces that come out from the bottom are carefully cleaned. Then the surface of the cleaned area is smoothed. This stage is necessary to prevent bacteria from clinging to the surface.
When the gingival recession reaches a serious size, the gaps formed due to the recession become extremely deep. In mild cases, a successful deep cleaning process may not be enough to clean these gaps. Depending on the severity of the gingival recession, it can also lead to bone loss. For this reason, gingival recession surgery is recommended for severe cases.
In cases where gingival recession cannot be treated, removable dentures or a number of alternative methods involving aesthetic dentistry can be evaluated.
If gingival recession is not treated, it will deteriorate. In case of deterioration, it can also result in tooth loss, as the soft and hard tissue supports around the intact teeth are lost.
In cases where gingivitis caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque is not intervened, they progress to the bone tissue located under the gums and cause bone destruction. As a result of bone absorption, the gum located on top of it also gradually recedes, following the bone, and some gaps are formed between the teeth.
The problem of gingival recession can only be solved with treatment. With gingival treatment, your receded gums can return to their former position.
The first sign of gingival recession is usually the sensitivity in the teeth. In addition, the symptoms of gingival recession are:
Bleeding in the gums, when brushing teeth or at normal times
Bleeding when eating hard foods (such as apples and pears)
The tooth looks longer than usual
There may be redness or swelling in the gums.
The duration of gingival recession treatment may vary depending on the prognosis of the disease. This period usually varies from 1 month to 1 year.
The Periodontology department of dentistry deals with the treatment of periodontal diseases. A periodontologist decides whether a person needs treatment, based on their complaints and the person's current condition.
With age, the likelihood of gingival recession increases. Depending on environmental and genetic factors, recession may also occur at an early age.
Performing your oral care carefully is the most basic measure that can be taken against gingival recession. Regular teeth brushing and visits to the dentist at least twice a year are incredibly important for maintaining oral and dental health.
In addition, it is useful to observe the condition of the teeth and gums at regular intervals to notice the changes that have occurred at the initial stage.
Gingival recession treatment cost is determined according to the diagnosis and treatment planned by the dentist.
Periodontal diseases treatment prices are determined according to the which of the following treatment will be chosen: gingivitis, tartar cleaning, gingival recession, dental aesthetics. It also depends on the age of the patient and whether additional treatments are needed for the gums.