Dental caries is caused entirely by the lack of individual oral care. Caries cause a lack of minerals in the hard tissues of the teeth within a certain period of time due to the microorganisms and food residues in the mouth. If caries that begin just below the outer surface of the tooth, progresses, it forms caries cavities. The integrity and robustness of the teeth are maintained with preventive treatment procedures applied before caries cavitation occurs, while after cavitation, intact tooth tissue is maximally protected, and restoration is carried out by removing the caries.
Dental caries can often be seen as a black stain on the surface of the teeth. But in some cases, patients themselves may not be able to recognise dental caries. Therefore, dental check-ups should be performed at regular intervals. Symptoms of dental caries are:
Dental caries can be prevented via regular oral care and different methods. If you follow the oral care recommendations in this article regularly, it is possible to have healthy teeth.
To this day, different materials have been used for the treatment of dental caries along with developing technology. Since amalgam, among these materials, is aesthetically insufficient and causes discoloration on the teeth over time, it has been abandoned in modern dentistry today. Therefore, light-curing composite materials are preferred today both in terms of aesthetics and functioning.
Composite fillings are mechanically attached to the tooth tissue, and composite fillings do not fall out when the treatment steps are applied correctly.
The success of composite fillings may vary depending on the region they are applied in the mouth, the patient's oral care and the size of the filler applied. You can extend the life of your fillings by having a 6-month routine examination by your dentist, practicing proper oral hygiene and taking care of your teeth.
In composite laminate veneer operation, the tooth structure of the patient is examined first, and then, if necessary, a very thin layer of abrasion is made from the tooth surface with a minimally invasive approach, and the teeth are restored with aesthetic composite materials. Thanks to this operation, the desired color and shape of teeth are obtained. Laminate veneers is a very curative procedure that makes the patient have an aersthetic and healthy smile.
Nowadays, since life expectancy is higher, teeth should remain in the mouth and be protected for a longer period of time. For this purpose, there are protective applications that should be done regardless of the age group. Examples of these are fluoride gel application, varnish application and fissure coating application. Our goal is to extend the life of teeth and keep them in the mouth for a longer period of time. Therefore, 6-month check-ups should not be neglected.
The main purpose of inlays and onlays is to restore a tooth that has lost a lot of substance. For this purpose, inlays and onlays are made of fiber-reinforced composite or ceramic. Inlay is a restoration that is performed when there is a solid tooth tissue around the filling that will be prepared, and onlay is perfomed when there is a lack of one or more walls of the tooth.
Usually, in teeth that have undergone root canal treatment or have advanced caries, the remaining tooth tissue is unsupported after cleaning the caries. Thisü process is more resistant to abrasion and chewing than fillings made directly in the mouth. In inlay and onlay, our goal is to restore the missing area by preparing the anatomical form and contact points on the model.
The material used is made of ceramic or fiber-reinforced composite.
It yields aesthetically successful results.
Inlays and onlays are resistant to the force of abrasion and chewing.
Natural tooth tissue is preserved as much as possible.
It is a long-lasting product if proper oral care is performed.
Although the color of the teeth may vary depending from patient to patient, it does not remain the same over time and may darken. Over time, it turns yellow and darkens according to what we eat, drink, and to what extent we pay attention to personal oral care. On the other hand, darkening is also possible inside the teeth. Teeth that darken over time can cause problems in terms of aesthetics. Our goal is to prevent yellowing of our teeth or to eliminate the darkness of the color and provide a whiter smile.
Before teeth whitening, it is necessary to clean the tartar. Whitening is effective on the enamel layer. It does not work on crowns and coatings and does not cause whitening in the colors of existing fillings.
The colors of the teeth can be bleached with chemicals such as carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide by applying it to the surface of the teeth. There are two methods for this.
It is applied by a transparent, soft and thin strip that covers the teeth, and it is specially prepared by the dentist with intraoral measurements. The whitening agent prescribed by the doctor is placed in the strip during application and the strip is applied by the person himself/herself by attaching it to the mouth. This application lasts for 2-4 hours a day, in a week on average. This period can be adjusted according to the desired amount of whitening.
It is a whitening method administered to the tooth surface by a doctor in an office at a hospital. The treatment time varies between 30 minutes and an hour depending on the material administered. For the chemical agent used by the dentist not to cause irritation to the gums and soft tissues, dentist completely isolates the teeth from the tissues of the gums, cheeks and lips. In this way, chemicals are administered only to the tooth surface. This procedure can be repeated every 6-12 months.
Teeth whitening can cause sensitivity when the tooth tissue is excessively permeable, which varies from person to person. This sensitivity disappears in 24 hours and is not permanent. Fluorine-containing or remineralizing agents are administered in the clinic if a patient experiences sensitivity.
After the bleaching procedure, especially in the first weeks, products that can color the teeth such as tea, coffee, turnip, red wine, cherry juice and cigarettes should be avoided. Teeth that have been whitened will be more vulnerable to external factors in the first weeks. The long-term success of teeth whitening varies depending on the extent to which a person consumes coloring drinks and his/her oral hygiene.
The whitening process has no side effects, but the teeth still may be sensible for a while. Whitening procedures should not be performed on pregnant women. The effects of whitening materials on the fetus are unknown. Since the procedure is performed purely for aesthetic purposes, it should be postponed until after childbirth.