Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the correction of the upper and lower jaw and malocclusion. Although it is more commonly and colloquially known as the correction of misaligned or crowded teeth, the area it covers is much wider than these. Not being able to close the mouth properly due to the misalignment of the teeth and the detection of disorders of the maxillofacial bones date back to Hippocrates. The science of orthodontics, which is the oldest specialty of dentistry, is a very important point in solving these questions in our day.
Since crowded and misaligned teeth are more difficult to clean in addition to affecting the aesthetic appearance, it can cause periodontal diseases and premature loss of teeth due to tooth decay.
A malocclusion can be explained as an abnormal relationship between the teeth or dental arches belonging to the lower and upper jaws. In skeletal anomalies, the relationships between the lower and upper jaw bones, and the skull are disrupted. Orthodontics is a specialty in dentistry that deals with the treatment of above-mentioned problems.
A lingual bracket (invisible braces) is a treatment for misaligned and crowded teeth. It is performed by gluing it to the inner surface of the tooth. It is invisible from outside thanks to its attachment to the inner surface of the tooth. Therefore, it is a preferable treatment method compared to other classical wire treatments. The treatment process of lingual braces is planned by firstly measuring the teeth, sending the measurement to the dental laboratory and then preparing a personalized bracket. After the bracket is prepared, a special process is performed to attach the braces to the posterior surface of your teeth. The treatment can be administered to patients from any age group.
Misaligned teeth are a dental problem that prevents aesthetic appearance and smiling comfortably. Various problems can occur in terms of aesthetics and health, such as psychological problems and self-confidence loss due to misaligned teeth. With today's technology, the treatment of misaligned teeth can be performed quite easily. The duration of teeth misalignment treatments varies depending on the condition of the patient's teeth and their oral care routine. Since misaligned teeth do not have an aesthetic appearance, they are among the most important problems for many people. In addition, it is quite difficult to clean misaligned teeth. Even if you think that you have cleaned it well, the food residues left between the teeth can cause tooth loss and decay. A comprehensive oral and dental examination and X-rays can determine whether you need orthodontic treatment and the treatment method to be applied. You may need orthodontic treatment if you have the following conditions. * Misaligned and crowded teeth, • Gums are visible when laughing and diastemata, • Problems of jaw and tooth connection, problems during chewing and biting, • Difficulty closing the mouth, • Diastemata, • Tongue thrusting when talking and swallowing, • When the posterior teeth are closed, it is visible that the incisors are in contact with each other in a vertical shape, • Early loss of temporary teeth.
As the American Association of Orthodontists reports, oral health is a window to general health. Orthodontic treatment helps to create healthy smiles by ensuring the proper function and aesthetics of the teeth. A healthy and beautiful smile increases the patient's self-esteem. A good closing enables biting, chewing and talking. It is more difficult to clean the misaligned teeth since the brush cannot reach them. It can cause abnormal abrasion of the tooth enamel and decays.
There are many different orthodontic treatment options available today, ranging from metal, ceramic and invisible orthodontics, which is called lingual braces, as well as transparent aligners that have been very popular recently. Each of them has its own areas of use. Orthodontists come up with personalized treatment planning taking into account all possibilities based on variables such as age, temporomandibular disorders and differences in tooth sizes. By determining the most appropriate treatment option and considering the patient's desire, the ideal method is chosen. Treatment with conventional metal and ceramic brackets is conducted with brackets that are attached to teeth and wires that pass through them. Transparent aligners are transparent, thin, plastic-like materials that are created to fit the individual's teeth and they can be put on and removed. Problems that cannot be corrected by orthodontic treatment alone, can be corrected by surgical-orthodontic cooperation. Before the surgical operation, the orthodontist reveals the ideal surgery plan together with the surgeon who will perform the surgery by orthodontically placing the teeth to their ideal places in the jawbone.
The lower- upper jaw and teeth are a dynamic environment that develops from infancy to adulthood. Therefore, to get an answer to the question of whether children need braces or whether they will in the future, an orthodontist should definitely be consulted. Children should meet an orthodontist for the first time around the age of 7, when their permanent teeth begin to erupt. The sooner the problems are noticed and corrected at an early age, the easier it will be to treat them and the more lasting the results will be. Ideally, the age of starting a treatment with fixed dentures is 12-13 years, when all permanent teeth are located in the mouth. If there are no skeletal problems for adults, the teeth can be corrected at any age with brackets or transparent apparatuses. Today, orthodontic treatment can be performed with variable methods and techniques. These methods allow us to achieve the same result with different alternatives. What will make the method advantageous is that the physician determines the ideal method by analyzing the suitability of treatment alternatives to existing problems and patient compliance well.
The main advantage of orthodontic treatment is to get healthy and aesthetically pleasing teeth. Patients who do not undergo malocclusion treatment, may feel less confident due to the unaesthetic appearance of their teeth. Therefore, they cannot smile comfortably. With the treatment of misaligned teeth, a person can smile comfortably since he/she is satisfied with the appearance of his/her teeth, and he/she will feel more comfortable psychologically when talking and laughing. In addition, it is quite difficult to clean misaligned teeth. Even if you think that you have cleaned it well, the food residues left between the teeth can cause tooth loss and decay. It will be easier to clean a flat area and use dental floss. Thus, it will prevent periodontal diseases and reduce the risk of losing healthy teeth. It is particularly useful for patients with misaligned teeth to undergo treatment in terms of aesthetics and oral and dental health.