Oral Diagnosis, Oral, Dental And Maxillofacial Radiology
It is the main branch of science in dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment planning of oral and dental diseases and systemic diseases that cause symptoms in the mouth. A successful dental treatment is possible only with an accurate diagnosis. Identifying all the problems in oral and non-oral dentistry, oral diagnostics helps to use scientific knowledge to determine the relationship between results and the correct treatment based on the results obtained. A good oral diagnosis is made with oral examination, intraoral examination and X-ray examination.
Not only tooth decay and inflamed gingiva appear in the mouth. As it is accepted all over the world, diseases of the jaw bones and joint, salivary glands, tongue and all soft tissues in the mouth are issues of dental practice. These structures and tissues cover a small area but form an anatomically complex structure. Many systemic diseases also show significant symptoms in the mouth. For example, in diabetes mellitus, periodontal diseases progress very quickly. Again, aphthae that appear frequently and in large numbers in the mouth can be the first symptoms of Behcet's disease. For these reasons, it was necessary to create a separate department related to the diagnosis and treatment planning of intraoral diseases, and Oral Diagnosis and Radiology took over this task.
Dental radiographs, that is, dental X-rays, are our greatest help in diagnosing intraoral diseases - especially those related to hard tissue such as teeth and jawbones. The two most commonly used types of dental x-rays are periapical (small x-rays showing 2-3 teeth together) and panoramic X-rays (large x-rays that can show the entire lower and upper jaw teeth and jaw bones). Digital radiography devices, which are a computer-assisted technique, allow us to make color and light adjustments on the X-ray using an extremely low radiation dose, which makes it possible to make detailed evaluations. Additionally, Volumetric Tomography are other x-rays that may be requested from the patient to facilitate the diagnosis especially in implant applications and in the diagnosis of joint diseases.
Only 1/3 of the teeth structure can be seen in the mouth. We can easily see and diagnose the remaining 2/3, inflammation in the jawbone and impacted teeth. Indeed, a good diagnosis also allows doctors to make the right treatment planning. In this way, all the necessary treatment needs are diagnosed early and the occurance of larger problems in the future is prevented.
For all your questions about the treatment plan and treatment duration in the oral diagnosis department, you can get detailed information and make an appointment by contacting our call center at 444 0 987.
The word ”Oral Diagnosis“ literally means ”analysis of the inside of the mouth". It is the main branch of science in dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment planning of oral and dental diseases and systemic diseases that cause symptoms in the mouth. The patient's general health status, chronic diseases, medications he/she uses, and allergic histories are factors that can change the dentist's medication selection and treatment method. For this reason, an anamnesis containing detailed information about the patient is taken in the oral diagnosis department and a personalized treatment plan is created accordingly.
A dental X-ray is a radiological imaging method obtained with the help of an X-ray to get an idea of the general condition of the teeth, the roots of the teeth, the jawbones, and the level of the gum that are not visible on a clinical examination. Its most important feature is that it reveals all the invisible details to doctors and helps with the correct diagnosis and treatment. That is why, after the initial examination of the patient, a panoramic X-ray should be taken immediately to determine the course of treatment. The patient does not feel any pain when undergoing panoramic X-ray. Thanks to modern technology and newly developed devices, the best imaging result is obtained with exposure to much less radiation.
Dental tomography is a method that helps to obtain an image consisting of thin sections and containing volume, which allows us to see objects in the desired area more clearly by excluding images outside the area of interest from the focus using X-ray. The main difference between dental tomography and the classic dental X-ray is that a volumetric tomography can provide us with a 3D image. This means three-dimensional imaging, including length, width and depth, and we can see around all teeth, jawbone and even the airway. From this point of view, dental tomography is of vital importance in terms of diagnosing various dental diseases and conducting detailed treatment planning.
Thanks to better image quality and higher accuracy with the possibility of a three-dimensional view from different angles to what is happening in the patient's mouth, it ensures that dentists make a better diagnosis. It is colloquially known as a 3-D dental X-ray. Tomography uses a low dose of radiation. After the scan, there is no radiation left in the patient's body. A full mouth scan usually takes 10 to 40 seconds. A dentist can create hundreds of images in a single scan and get a comprehensive view of the patient's mouth and teeth.